Understanding the Root Causes of Bed Bugs

Once thought of as nearly destroyed, bed bugs are now making a huge resurgence, as reports of infestations continue to wreak havoc in an increasing number of homes, apartments, dormitories, hotels, and even movie houses across the globe. With this spread comes panic as many of us search for ways to protect our homes and prevent these nasty critters from feeding on our little ones.

Here we have put together a background so that families can get an idea of what they are up against and a few tips on prevention. Bed bugs are found across all continents, regardless of class, climate, or race; and completely eradicating them is close to impossible.

Where do they come from?

Now that these irksome crawlers seem to be everywhere, from the lavish hotels in New York to the small shanties in India, the majority of us want to know their roots and how they spread.

When we think of bugs, we often equate them with filth, but contrary to popular belief, bed bugs could not care less about your surroundings and can choose to invade even the most pristine of homes. Unlike most household pests that prey on food or wood, these creepy guests find sustenance in human blood, which is why they choose to breed in areas where we sleep and rest. Similarly, bed bugs are unaffected by the weather outside; in fact, they can stay hidden for months without food and still survive. It only takes one look at these bed bug bite pictures to understand how serious a threat these tiny pests can cause.

How do they travel?

Bed bugs are probably the most traveled of all pests. Given their teensy weensy size, these crawlers can easily hitch a ride from anyone to any destination, free of charge of course! These blood thirsty critters can easily creep into your backpack, luggage, purse, or even jacket without you noticing it and you can just as easily take it to your home, workplace, gym, or anywhere else.

Once here, they can simply roam around and look for the safest place to hide. If you live in an apartment complex, they can just as easily move into your neighbor’s house and so forth. These pests can take refuge in the most unlikely places, in your floorboards, headboards, furniture legs, inside electrical outlets, under wall paper, in your mattress seams, and even on your night stand.

After a few months, they can breed thousands of new eggs, and your entire building would be completely infested.

Because these cunning critters easily travel from one place to another, areas with significant turnover rates are most vulnerable, which is why cities like New York, Los Angeles, Washington, and Philadelphia top the list for the highest number of bed bug infestations.

What can you do?

There are several methods to get rid of bed bugs at home, but prevention is the key to avoiding the threat of an invasion. If you are a constant traveler, then make sure to always be wary of hotels that have a reputation for this kind of pest problem. Before checking in, make sure to inspect your room for any signs of bed bug excrement or blood stains. If there are, then immediately head for the next hotel available.

Wash your clothes immediately in hot water after returning from a trip, and consider purchasing a small steamer to use on your suitcase before bringing it into the house.

Only by taking active steps to avoid carrying and spreading bed bugs can we all manage and control these unruly pests.