One of the most ambitious, but easy to start, businesses in the agricultural and ecology fields today is either vermiculture or vermicomposting. For those interested individuals these technical terms are simply the scientific names for worm farming or breeding worms. Worm breeding is a simple task depending on the worm. The fun and profit part do not come into effect until the worms are settled into their new home and begin to multiply.
To begin at this exciting and wriggly new enterprise will require a little planning, and a lot of worms. The simplest way to begin will require the new worm farmer to purchase a plastic or rubber tub that can hold roughly two feet of dirt. They will also need something to line the bottom with as well as a bit of wire mesh screen such as one would find in a typical window.
You will need to take your plastic tub and poke several holes in the lower part of the bottom. Do not poke them in the bottom itself. Place them on the side instead.
Then you will take your mesh screen and place it in the bottom to cover the drainage holes you created. This is to prevent your worms from attempting a prison break in a bid for wormy freedom. Place some rocks or gravel on the bottom of the tub then cover this over with a liner. Typical liners include a newspaper or cornflakes. Fill your tub up several feet with soil and throw some composting materials on top such as coffee grounds, banana, peels, and animal manure. Breeding worms is simple with these items in place because it creates a welcoming environment for them.
Once this is done it is best to allow the container to settle for two weeks or so before adding in the worms as they will do their best to escape the overly warm soil. The composting process will cause it to heat up to an uncomfortable level. Those individuals who actually use the mesh screen might not have to worry about this or even decide to care about the comfort of their little wiggling dividends.
The best way to get started breeding worms quickly is to order them online or at a local shop that sells them. This will be the most expensive part of the process but you are generally guaranteed to get all of your worms to be of the same species. The easiest worm type to start with are red ones. Avoid trying to start with night crawlers as they bury themselves deep to reproduce and they will not desire to do so in a small bin.
A thousand worms can become many tens of thousand over the course of a year if their beds are continually split with a new bin started for each. After two months or so you should have enough breeding worms to actually begin selling them without running out. If you want to start selling immediately simply purchase extra worms online and sell off the excess to cover costs for the business.