Terrariums are small glass containers that house a miniature landscape and can be kept inside the house and can sit indoors. The aim of a terrarium is to have a bit of the outdoors sitting inside your house. It can be filled with plants, stones even small animals all aimed at creating a scenery that can be found in the outdoor setting.
The Container- The first thing that you need to do when you are constructing a terrarium is to pick the right sort of container that you can use. You can use almost anything that can hold the stuff that you want to place in your terrarium, but the best material is still glass or anything that is clear and durable.
Drainage- Once you have picked the kind of container that you are going to use the next step for you is to place a layer of sand or pebbles at the bottom of the container. This can provide a good drainage for your terrarium. If the terrarium that you are building is a closed container type then you need to add a layer of activated charcoal on top of the sand layer. The charcoal can purify the air. You can but it from any pet shop since it is the same type of charcoal used in aquariums. You need to place a screen as well over the sand layer so that the soil on top of it is not going to settle down. You can also use a special type of moss for this purpose.
Soil- Now it is time to add the soil. You can just use ordinary garden soil, but if you are recreating a special scenery then you need to try a different kind of soil mixture for it.
Terrariums for Plants– Now there are those who build terrariums for keeping some lizards or turtles but most people that I know built their terrariums for plants. You have to be careful in choosing the kind of plant to place inside. Remember that appearance counts for a lot in terrariums. You might want to try sketching it at first to have an idea about how it would look.
Choosing the Right Plants for Your Terrarium- Your terrarium should be appealing to the eye. That is the main point why you are making one in the first place. Therefore you should make every effort to ensure that it is going to look good. One way that you can do that is by using plants of different heights and appearance. Make sure that you pick plants that can complement one another. They should be of different height so you can generate enough contrast. Pick plants with different colours.
Now the kind of plants that you can choose is rather limited. Large plants that can take up a lot of space are out of the question. You need small hardy plants that can grow well even with the minimum amount of maintenance and care on your part.
Start building your terrarium and experience a lot of fun in seeing your little world flourish.