A garden should receive just as much attention as any other part of your home. While you can start a garden just by taking of some plants in one corner of your yard the best effect would be to have some sort of plan. Designing a garden can be a great and fun activity.
Your Own Preference– Before you go about to the actual process of designing your garden you have got to figure out what you would like to get from your garden. Why is it that you want a garden in the first place? We all want it for decoration and for beautifying our yard, but is that all? Do you want the garden so you can plant some vegetables or maybe some herbs? A garden can also be used to supplement your income. All of these considerations are very important and they can affect the kind of garden that you are going to get in the end.
Types of Gardens– There are several types of gardens that are generally known and used today. While you don’t have to copy them down and follow their patterns strictly you can use the general idea for each garden type:
Japanese Garden– Gardens in Japan are usually found attached to monasteries or some other place that has a religious connection to it. Because of that it is inevitable that these types of garden would have religious influences either from the Shinto religion or Buddhism. These gardens are also meant to serve as places of meditation, which means that they would look somber and lacking in color when compared with other garden types. The key to it is symbolism. If you study the designs of most Japanese gardens each element there was placed in order to represent an aspect of the universe. Achieving that is kind of a tall order, but nothing can be more satisfying than pulling that off.
Formal Garden Style– If the space that you have set aside for your garden is bounded by a structure with straight sides then a formal garden design can be ideal for that. Symmetry is very important in this form of design for a garden which means that there must be a perfect balance between the two sides of the garden. Straight geometric patterns are also important.
Informal Garden Style- In direct opposition to the formal is the informal garden design. None of the symmetrical lines and rigid arrangements here because informal garden designs are all about movement, flowing and fluid lines. This garden design uses uneven levels, slopes and curves a lot.
Tuscan Garden Design– A Tuscan garden design is more about the effect that you create for the garden rather than the form that you are going to give it. Your aim is to give it the effect of the Italian hills by placing characteristic plants such as grapevines, olives and flowers that can normally be found in Italy. Further effect is added by painting any adjoining structure with earth tone colors and using characteristic Tuscan outdoor furniture.
Cottage Garden Design– This type of garden design is a lot similar to a formal design with both sides being symmetrical. The difference lies in the fact that a cottage garden has herbs, spices, vegetables and fruit bearing plants.
Zen Garden– This garden design is quite unique. It is the only one that does not have any plants to it. A Zen garden is made up of a flat ground filled with fine sand or small pebbles. At the center is a large rock or a group of rocks.The sand represents the sea and the rocks are mountains. This garden is used by Buddhist monks in meditation and they use a rake to create patterns on the sand.
There are other types of garden design that are not included in this list. Don’t feel pressured though that you have to follow one of these. The good news is that you can become creative with it. You can mix elements of one design with that of another and com up with your own.
Secrets of Garden Design– You can take the easy path when it comes designing a garden and you can just hire a designer to do it for you. But that would be taking out the fun in things. If you have a flair for being creative then designing your garden should be the perfect activity for you to showcase that flair. Here are some secrets of the best garden designs ever that you can follow:
Property Line- A garden might look bordered and constrained if the property line is too visible. The easiest way to minimize this is to mimic the plants that are on the other property making it seem that the garden is continuous
Destinations- Gardens tend to be ignored especially if you just create a straight path through it. You can make it more interesting by creating some hidden destination by using paths that lead to some destination that is covered.
Living Space– Most people design their gardens as a form of decoration that has to be admired from a distance. It is better if you include some accommodations there that can turn the garden into a functional living space as well.
Plant Sizes- You don’t have to place large plants on one side and small ones on another. A more natural effect can be achieved by mixing them together just as you might find them in nature.
Water Gardens– If you plan on including a pond in your garden then you can create a great effect for it by hiding structure and installations that indicates it is man made. So take the trouble of planning how the pipes should be hidden.
Rule of Three- When you are picking materials for use in a garden just use three at the most. Going for more than that might give your garden an overly complicated look. It might also take away from the naturalness of your garden.
Plants Are Finishing Touches– A lot of people might argue against this one but this is really the way it is when you think about it. When you thinks about the plants first and the overall structure of the garden second then you can end up with a garden that is not so satisfying to look at.
Balance- You need to strike a balance between man made things and natural objects in the garden. The absence of artificial objects there might make your garden look like it is just some plants that have grown wild.
Texture- Try to use plants with different textures. That can give your garden a more varied and interesting looks especially in winter when these elements are bound to stand out.
Create a Focal Point– If you have a large garden then it might be a good idea to create a focal point for it. That can make your garden more cohesive and give it more order. You can create structures that contrast the rest of the garden as the focal point.
These are just some of the secrets that you can use when you are building your garden. These secrets can make all of your gardening activities really fruitful.