Aside from cleansing and moisturizing, exfoliating the skin is the third most important beauty regimen that women should include in their nightly facial skin care treatment.
Exfoliation was first practiced by Egyptians during the Middle Ages using wine as a chemical exfoliant. Exfoliation came from the Latin word “exfoliare,” which means to strip off leaves. Human skin matures in a span of 30 days. After its maturity, the skin cells die and clog the pores, which cause the development of blackheads, whiteheads, and acne. Through exfoliation, the dead skin cells on the surface of the skin are removed, allowing new cells to arise. Our skin needs exfoliation to maintain its youthfulness, freshness, and smoothness.
There are two categories of methods in exfoliating the skin. First is through mechanical procedures. This involves scrubbing the skin with any kind of abrasive material such as a bath sponge, pumice stone, plastic mesh and bristle brush, but one has to be mindful of the material used on the face and body. The skin on the face is the most sensitive part of the body; therefore, only mild materials, ingredients, and strokes or washing should be used and done when undergoing facial exfoliation. Microdermabrasion and diamond peeling are examples of clinical mechanical methods on how to exfoliate face.
The other category is through chemical procedures. Women use facial wash, facial scrubs, and astringents that contain exfoliating chemicals such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, fruit enzymes, citric acid, alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). Although beauty products made available in the market are dermatologically tested, one has to be careful not to over-exfoliate the skin. Only apply a low concentration of these products for personal use unless prescribed by a dermatologist differently. Over-exfoliating the skin can lead to dryness and skin irritation.
Facial Skin Care Treatment
For those who use cosmetics everyday, never forget to remove the residues using a makeup remover. Then, wet the face with lukewarm water and apply your trusted facial wash. Rub the face with gentle circular strokes of your hands. Rinse and pat dry with a soft towel. Do not forget to moisturize the face and body after cleansing and exfoliating. Normally, beauty products offer 2-in-1 cleansing and exfoliating solutions, but one can also use an exfoliating cream after cleansing and before moisturizing.
Natural solutions such as a combination of brown sugar, honey, and sesame oil is also proven to help exfoliate the skin. Something to try at home if you’re up for the challenge. Learning how to exfoliate your face is not hard as we just described in this brief tutorial. However, the key is to not overdo it, this is perhaps the biggest problem that many women encounter, over exfoliating.