A wormery is a tool that makes vermicomposting, or what is commonly known as worm composting, convenient to do. It is what anyone can describe as the house of worms. Worms are used in vermicomposting, the process of breaking down kitchen and garden waste to serve as fertilizers. The organic waste it produces improves the condition of the soil, making it a high-quality bio-rich compost and a concentrated liquid feed. It is easy to build your own wormeries at home.
Basically, a wormery is an enclosed container, either circular or box shape, that has several compartment separate but linked with each other. The wormery contains live worms, organic waste, and a mixture of processed compost. What is so ideal about a well-built wormery is it can be placed either indoor or outdoor. It is hygienic and odorless because it is enclosed tightly and properly. But, of course, place it either in the utility room or garage.
Making your own wormery is easy. For basic outdoor wormery, the materials you need are a plastic bon or box, plastic tap, sand or gravel, small wooden sticks, degradable cloth, newspaper (shredded), wire mesh, organic waste, and compost worms. Drill a hole in the plastic bin or box for the plastic tap. Put the wire mesh. Drill several holes into the lid of the bin or box for breathing. Add up to 2 inches of sand or gravel at the bottom of the bin or box. Put the small wooden sticks just on top of the sand or gravel. Then lay the shredded newspaper up to 10 cm. Put several holes into the first layer of newspaper then add in the worms. Tigerworms, or commonly known as the redworms, is the most common type of worm used for vermicomposting. Tigerworms grow and reproduce rapidly. Then, layer over your organic waste. Dampen shredded newspaper again. Your layers of compost vary on the depth of your container.
Just a quick tip, once your compost reaches the top layer, place a degradable cloth before closing the lid. This will maintain the warmth, moisture, and preventing light to enter in your wormery. You can also use old fibre carpet or old towels. Another quick tip, worms do not like meat, fish, cheese, rice, pasta, beans, grass, cooked potatoes, animal feces, onion, garlic, and weed seeds so do not include them on the waste. What they love are vegetable peelings, fruits (but not the citrus), coffee grounds, tea bags, bread, cereal, green leaves, annual weeds, and cow or horse manure. Chop in small parts the vegetable peelings and fruits.
Building your own wormery saves you a lot of money and teaching this to your kids will expose them to environment care. Also, working on a wormery and vermicomposting is a healthy activity for you and your children.